Syria - Northern State
Syria is located in the western Asian continent and is also known as
the Syrian Arab Republic or the north country. Covering an area of
185,180 square km, including the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights of
1,200 square km, its population is l755 million, of which 80% are
Arabs, with the rest Kurds, Armenians, and so on. Residents are
Muslim. The languages are Mandarin, English, and French. The
currency is the Syrian pound. The capital is Damascus (dimashq).
Flag has three stripes, red, white, and black from the top down. In
the middle there are two green, five-pointed stars. Red symbolizes
courage, white symbolizes clean lines and generosity, and black
symbolizes the victory of Mohammed. The stars are a symbol of
revolution, while green is the favorite color of Mohammed's
In 3000 BC, the original Syrian city-state existed . After the
eighth century BC, the Assyrian Empire, Macedonia, Roman Empire,
Arab Empire, the European Crusaders, Ma Mu Luke dynasty of Egypt,
and the Ottoman Empire occupied or dominated Syria. In 1920, Syria
was reduced to a French mandated territory. On September 27, 1941,
the Commander-in-Chief of the "Free French Forces," General to AU
Wai Jia Delu announced Syrian independence. In August 1945, Syria
set up their own government. On April 17, 1943, Britain and France
were forced to withdraw. On February 1, 1958, Syria and Egypt
announced the formation of the United Arab Republic. On September
28, 1961, Syria announcedthe establishment of the Syrian Arab
Republic out of the United Arab Republic.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Syria's economy is predominantly agricultural, growing wheat,
cotton, sugar beets, olives, and beans. Cotton is the primary
export. Major industries are refining, mining, textiles, food, and
utilities. Arts and crafts have a long history and a unique style.
Hand-woven, soft and fine silk is among the fine arts and crafts.
Mosaics are another well-known tradition, with inlays of shell,
silver, and gold.
Syrian men spend their spare time frequenting cafes, enjoying a
hookah, a pipe on a big stand, with the cigarette holder and pipe
connected with a long tube.
In some parts of Syria, the bride and groom come to the house where
others stick a blade of grass to the door with yeast, wishing them a
The famous ancient city with an ancient reputation as a "paradise
city." On the right bank of a river, the city was built around 2000
BC. The city has 250 mosques, of which the most famous was the
Umayyad Mosque, built in 705 BC. Located in the central old city, it
is a world-famous ancient Islamic building. There are three towering
minarets on behalf of the Islamic architectural styles of each
period. Damascus is also an important stop on the ancient Silk Road.