Spain in the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. An area of
505,900 square kilometers. Population of 41.55 million, mainly
Sidiliya (the Spaniards), other Catalan, Galician and Basque.
Castilian is the official language and national language. Residents
are Catholic. Currency is the euro (formerly pesetas). Madrid, the
From the top down the flag is composed of three parallel red,
yellow and red rectangles. To the left of the flag is a painted
emblem. Red and yellow are the colors of the Spanish people.
On October 12, 1492, Columbus reached the West Indies and Spain
became a strong sea state. In 1588, the Armada was defeated by the
British, and Spanish dominance began to decline. In 1875, the First
Republic was established and in 1931 the Second Republic. Between
1936 and 1939 there was a civil war. In 1947, Franco declared Spain
a monarchy, with himself as the head of state for life. In November
1975, Franco died and Juan Carlos I ascended the throne, beginning
the transition to a western parliamentary democracy.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Spain's main industries are mining, steel-making, shipbuilding,
textiles, footwear, wine and machinery manufacturing. It dominates a
large proportion of the mining industry and has some of the world's
largest mercury and pyrite reserves. Its footwear industry has
excellent quality and is well known; Alicante is the famous "shoe
town." Wine production is ranked third in the world behind the Italy
Its major agricultural products are wheat, grapes, olives,
oranges and bananas. It is the leading global producer of olive and
olive oil and second leading of citrus fruits.
Spain's tourist industry is well developed. Spain's tourism
flagship project is the three Ss: the sun, shore and sea. Spain has
four main tourist areas: (1) "Sun Coast" - the Mediterranean
beaches, (2) the Canary Islands - tropical, (3) Balearic Islands -
Mediterranean beach and (4) ancient city - Madrid. The Costa del Sol
region of Andalusia in on the south Atlantic coast. The weather is
warm with 300 days of sunshine throughout the year. Summer maximum
temperature is 35C and winter minimum temperature is 16C.
This houses prehistoric art of the Spanish heritage and
world-famous cave paintings. It is near the ancient city of
Santander in northern Spain. The Stone Age cave maintains a distant
look. More than 150 murals are painted at the entrance and the caves
date back 3 million years BC to 1 million years BC, featuring the
remains of the late Paleolithic. The colorful murals feature
paintings of vivid images of animals, with high historical and
Bullfighting in Spain has a long history. From March to October
each year is the bullfighting season. The matador is dressed in
Technicolor Dreamcoat hand and has a red cloth to tease the bull.
The most courageous bullfighter is considered a national hero.
Bullfighting originated as ancient hunting and is considered a
symbol of passionate Spaniards. However, this bloody activity has
attracted more and more criticism.