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Countries in South America

South America
South America is located in the southern hemisphere, with the Atlantic ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the Caribbean Sea and the Panama Canalto the north, serving as the boundary point with the North American continent. South America contains 13 countries and regions and has a population of about 3.6228 million, accounting for 5.8% of the world's population. The population is primarily made up Indians, whites, and people of mixed race. An area of 17,850,000 square kilometers accounting for about 12% of the world's land area. Spanish is the most common language, with Indian languages also spoken. Residents are primarily Christian.

History of South America
South American Indians in the history of the ancient Mayan culture, the birthplace of early AD, the Mayan Indians in Guatemala Petten Lake northeast of the establishment of a number of city-states. Twist in Guatemala has been found in northwest Tikal is the oldest and largest Maya city. In the 10th century, the Incas established the center of the Incan Empire in Cuzco, Peru. In the 15th century well-developed agriculture, water conservancy, transportation, construction, and handicrafts were developed. After the 16th century, European colonists ruled South America, plundering the land of its wealth, resulting in the brutal destruction of the Indian civilization. As such, the customs and culture of Spain and Portugal subsequently spread throughout South America. During the late 18th century, the South American countries gained independence.

South America climate
Most of South America is comprised of rainforests and tropical grassland, characterized by a warm and humid climate, with maritime-based, the mainland is not significant. All continents except mountains, the winter's coldest
Temperatures are well above 0C, and abundant rainfall results in over 1000 mm of average annual rainfall. The northwest coast and the wind Ministry slope of low rainfall. The seasonal distribution of precipitation to the main summer rain.

Terrain of South America
South America to winter hair is divided into north and south to the three longitudinal zones: the Andes west to the north, east wavy undulating plateau, for the vast flat plains in central lowlands. Island-wide average elevation of 600 meters. There are the Andes, Brazil Plateau, guia that plateau, and the world's largest alluvial plain - the Amazon plain. South River to the Andean cordillera to the watershed belong to the Atlantic and Pacific water stream. Has the world's largest waterfall drop a soil Angel Falls, the world's longest, most extensive river basin area of a column Sunhe Amazon, the world's highest freshwater lake of Lake Titicaca, there are the world's largest tropical rain forest forest climate, rich mahogany, ebony, sandalwood, pure wood and other valuable timber.

Amazon basin
The Amazon basin is located in north-central South America, and is a typical delta-like, towering Andes west, north and south sides is that Brazilian highland plateau and Ghia. The area is about 5,000,000 square kilometers, low and flat, with an average altitude below 200 meters. Rainy, humid, and hot, it is the most famous of the Amazon plains, with distinctive climate characteristics which are suitable to the growth of the world's largest tropical forests, which account for over 60% of the world's tropical rainforests. A wide range of rainforest plants, deep-rooted and dense, barely see the sky because of the canopy. Large areas of rainforest can purify the earth's atmosphere. It is a treasure trove of the world's most diverse biological resources, as many as millions of various biological, earth important biological gene bank.

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