Saint Lucia is located in the central eastern Caribbean, and is part
of the Windward Islands. Covering an area of 616 square kilometers,
the island has a population of 160,000, 90% of whom are of African
descent. Residents are Catholic and English is the primary language.
The currency is the East Caribbean dollar and the capital is
The flag has a blue backdrop, with a white, black, and yellow
triangle. Blue symbolizes the surrounding ocean, the triangle
denotes volcanoes, yellow symbolizes the beaches and sun, and the
black and white represent the country's two main ethnic groups.
The first residents of Saint Lucia were Indian. In 1659 the British
invaded, and the island later became occupied by the French in 1651
The British and French fought for a long time over the island, and
in 1814, under the Treaty of Paris, it was officially classified as
a British colony. On February 22, 1979, independence was declared,
and St. Lucia joined the Commonwealth.