Peru - China corn
The Republic of Peru is located in western South America, and in an
ancient Indian language means "corn storage," since corn is the main
crop. An area of 1,285,200 square kilometers is home to a population
of 27.15 million, mainly Indian and mestizo. Residents are Catholic
and the official language is Spanish, although Quechua, Aymara, and
other Indian languages are also spoken. The currency is the new
soles and Lima is the capital.
The Peruvian flag consists of three vertical stripes of red and
white, with an emblem in the center.
In the 11th century, indigenous Indians founded Cusco as the capital
of the Inca empire. During the 15th and 16th centuries, the Incan
civilization developed in the Americas. However, Peru was colonized
by Spain in 1533, and a District Governor of Peru was established in
1544. Peru became the center of Spanish colonial rule in South
America. On July 28, 1821, independence was declared. In 1835, Peru
and Bolivia combined, but the alliance disintegrated in 1839. From
1879 to 1883, the Joint Bolivia and Chile were the "Pacific War",
Peru defeated cede territory. In 1933, Peru fought a border war
again Colombia, which resulted in Peruvian defeat. The late 20th
century saw political turmoil in Peru, and in March 1980, the junta
"government to the people" was established.
Machu Picchu is the seat of Peru's ancient Inca empire. Located 112
kilometers northwest of the plateau, the city is at an altitude of
228 meters. Built around the 15th century, the Spanish destroyed the
Inca empire was abandoned Ji Bei. Until 1911 arrival in North
American history professor Hiram • Bingaman found. Old Town area of
13 square kilometers, building shape in the design, layout and
orderly, all from the huge granite bricks, without adhesive
materials, combined with tight, even the blade will not fit. There
are many built around the terraces along the hillside. Some of the
original building still remains, such as the Temple and the remains
of hundreds of houses.
Economy and Cultural Customs
Peru is the world's largest producer and exporter of fish products,
with one of the largest global catches of sardines. It also provides
the main export of salted fish powder. Peru is the birthplace of
civilization, with sophisticated agriculture. Corn, potatoes and
other crops have been cultivated for thousands of years by the local
people. The main crops are corn, rice, wheat, sugarcane, cotton,
potatoes, and coffee. Mining and smelting also play an important
role in the national economy, with other vital industries being
textiles, sugar refining, food processing, and even paper, and
Peru is the home of the ancient Inca civilization. The Inca excelled
in mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. They also developed a lunar
calendar, using the location of the sun to determine agricultural
Forests account for 58% of the total area, with about 7 billion
cubic meters of wood accumulation. Cinchona tree, the eastern region
and more than additive tree cinchona tree of South America tropical
evergreen woody plants in the wild, The bark contains a variety of
alkaloids, and quinine, a cure for malaria, can also be extracted
from it. Tree leaves can be added to refine anesthetic cocaine.
Peru has a strong cold front along the coast through, the annual
prevalence of southerly and south-east wind blowing, the sea surface
deviate from the coast and the lower cold water rich in nutrients on
the pan, bring to the fish-rich foods, there are more than 800 kinds
of fish classes and a variety of shellfish, with the area one of
South America’s three major fishing grounds.
Peru's southern Nazca plateau is a dry, desolate and barren place.
However, there are many huge paintings dug 10 to 15 cm into the
Nazca Valley, several hundred square meters large. They depict a
variety of animals, plants and people, and can only be viewed from
high altitudes. Especially in the sunset, the light will be
especially huge delineate clear. Some scientists believe that the
patterns on the Nazca plateau align with astrological charts, and
that the giant paintings marked changes in the astronomical seasons.
The major solar system planets are marked with their own lines and
triangles, by different shapes, can be found on the ground paint
dotted the many constellations in the southern hemisphere, However,
the origin of the giant paintings is still a mystery.
Drinking Charles Islands
Peru's "Bird Island" attracts hundreds of birds because of the dense
schools of fish that swim around the coast. Hundreds of gorgeous
birds live on the islands, making them look like floating silk. The
guano is tens of meters thick, resulting in a strong Peruvian guano
Cusco is not only the provincial capital of Peru, but was also the
capital of the ancient Inca empire.. Containing 1,000 world famous
Inca monuments, "Cusco" in Quechua means "center of the world;"
Peruvians call it "the crown jewel of the Andes." In the 11th
century, it was the peak of the splendid Incan culture in South
America. The city contains ancient palaces, temples, forts,
monuments and church stone walls. Suburbs have held the world-famous
"Sun Festival" in Sakewaman round castle.