Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea - World crocodile are
The Independent State of Papua New Guinea is located in the
southwest Pacific, and covers an area of 462,800 square kilometers.
It has a population of 5.46 million, most of whom are Melanesian,
with Micronesians and Polynesians also residing there. Residents are
primarily Christian and the official language is English, although
pigeon English is more widely spoken in the country. There are also
more than 700 local languages. The currency is the kina and the
capital is Port Moresby (Port Moresby).
The flag of Papua New Guinea is black and red. The black triangle
contains five white five-pointed stars, symbolizing the Southern
Cross. The red triangle has a motif of a yellow bird of paradise
By the time the Portuguese arrived in New Guinea in 1511, the island
had long been inhabited. In 1884 Britain and Germany divided the
island, with Germany’s part being occupied by the Australian Army
during World War I. 920 - ~ On December 17, 1920, the League
commissioned the Australian management. In 1942 by El the
occupation. In 1945 the United Nations to re-pay Australia managed.
In 1949 the original British and Australia are two parts of Germany
into one administrative unit, known as "Papua New Guinea
territories." On December 1, 1975, internal self-government was
established, with independence declared on September 16, 1975.
Economy and Cultural Customs
New Guinea’s three most important industries are minerals, oil and
cash crops, and it has abundant forestry and fishery resources. The
main agricultural products are copra, cocoa, coffee, rubber, and
palm oil, and the main minerals are gold and copper; New Guinea is
in fact one of the world's major gold and copper producers. Oil is
also exported, and crafts are another source of income, with
sculpture, pottery, masks, and handicraft development being
Although Papua New Guinea is located near the equator, its highest
peaks are snow-covered, forming the famous "equatorial snow." Rich
biological resources provided the perfect habitat for the precious
bird of paradise and the crocodile. The wet weather provides swamps,
which are ideal habitats for crocodile breeding, so crocodile
farming is extremely well developed, with more than 100 crocodile
Papua New Guinean society is clan based, with hereditary chiefs
ruling, yet participating in daily work. No individuals own the
land, with the tribe as a whole the owners. In remote mountainous
areas, tribesmen are mostly naked and adorned in tattoos.