The Netherlands – country of windmills
The Netherlands in western Europe, the Kingdom of the Netherlands
full name. An area of 41,500 square kilometers. Population of 16.27
million, 90% of the Dutch family, in addition to Freese family.
Residents are Roman Catholic and Protestant. The official language
is Dutch, Feilisilan province speak Frisian. Currency is the euro.
From the top down the flag has three red, white and blue parallel
In the 16th century was a long period of feudalism. In 1568,
there was the outbreak of the extended 80-year war against Spanish
rule. In 1581, seven northern provinces formed the Dutch Republic
(official name of the United Republic for the Netherlands). In 1648,
the west officially recognized Dutch independence. In the 17th
century, colonial powers controlled the sea, but by the 18th century
the Dutch colonial system had disintegrated. In 1795, the French
invaded. In 1815, following its disunity from France, the Kingdom of
the Netherlands was set up. In 1948, the country became a
constitutional monarchy. During World War I, the Netherlands
remained neutral. At the beginning of World War II, the Netherlands
Vincent van Gogh
Van Gogh is a world-renowned famous Dutch post-Impressionist
painter. He died through suicide because of mental illness in 1890.
His early works of dark deception were obscure, but he used bright
colors and vibrant lines as well as raised blocks of color to
express his subjective feelings and passion. His major works include
"Sunflowers," "Poppy," and "Stars Night."
Windmills are characteristic of the Dutch landscape. Early in the
15th century the Dutch invented the use of a low-lying water
extraction of wind turbine machinery. By the mid-18th century, it
had built 1,000 windmills. Today, this pumping power has replaced
the traditional mechanical method. Although Fung car, but still
about 1 000 vehicles were consciously Fung preserved as tourist
attractions and museums for people to understand the history. Each
year on the second Sunday in May is the Dutch "Windmill Day."
The note folk culture
The Netherlands is a developed capitalist country. Its economy is
export-oriented: electronics, chemicals, water, shipbuilding and
food processing sectors with advanced technology, financial services
and insurance. The port of Rotterdam is the world's largest port.
Holland is also Europe's largest petrochemical base, and one of the
world's three major oil refining centers. It is also the world's
largest oil spot market, and a storage and transportation center of
non-ferrous metals and food.
Dutch agriculture is mainly animal husbandry and horticulture. It
leads the world in pork, cheese, eggs, butter, milk, poultry and
beef exports and is second only to America's as a global
agricultural exporter. The Netherlands is the world's largest flower
exporter (60% of total global trade). The most famous flower is the
tulip, which is the national flower of the Netherlands. Aalsmeer is
the world's largest flower market.
The country is low-lying. A total of 24% of the land is below sea
level, and 20% of the land is only 1 m above sea level. Holland uses
dykes to prevent sea invasion. From the 13th century the Dutch began
to reclaim land from the sea.
The Hague is home to the Dutch Royal Palace and the seat of
government. Early Count hunting to stay in the Netherlands, in 1248
built a castle. The Hague, along the North Sea coast, built sand
dunes along the coast for a wide barrier. Each year on the third
Tuesday in September, a gorgeous make-up ballet festival is held
there. Therefore, The Hague is also called one of the most beautiful
villages of Europe. The Hague Peace Palace is a symbol, built in
1908, and later the Dutch government and the garden will be
dedicated here to the site of the International Tribunal. Since
then, international tribunals and the International Court of
Arbitration are based in the palace.
Away from the Caribbean in more than 800 km north-south two islands,
an area of 800 square kilometers. The country has a population of
about 214,000, most of whom are of mixed African and European
descent. Residents are Catholic, and Dutch and Pa Biman are both
official languages, although Spanish and English are also spoken.
The currency of the Netherlands Antilles is the shield or florin,
and the capital is Weiliantade (Willemstad).
In 1499, Spanish colonists landed in Curacao. In 1527, Spain
occupied the islands and southern Aruba, which later became a Dutch
colony in 1634. The North Island was discovered in 1495 by Columbus,
and occupied by the Dutch in the mid-17th century, Since then it
changed hands several times, before settling as a Dutch possession
in 1816. In 1954, the islands gained full autonomy in internal
affairs, although the Netherlands retain responsibility for national
Economy and Cultural Customs
The Netherlands Antilles is an important offshore financial center,
with impressive financial development. Tourism plays an important
role in the economy. The country has poor resources, mainly relying
on imports, particularly food and handmade products.