Himalayan Nepal, also known as the Kingdom of Nepal, is the
world's only Hindu monarchy. Covering an area of 147,000 square
kilometers with a population of 25.87 million, including Rai, Limbu,
and more than 30 other nationalities. Residents are Hindu. Nepali is
the national language. The currency is the Nepalese Rupee. Kathmandu
is the capital (kathmandu).
The flag consists of two stacked up and down red and blue triangles.
The flag of the month and on behalf of the Royal Star. Under the
flag of the sun symbol from the Rana family. The right corner of the
two triangles represent the two peaks of the Himalayas.
6th century BC, established dynasty. 1769 AD: Shah dynasty unified
Nepal and continues to this day. 1814, British invasion, forcing
large areas of southern Nepal to be ceded to the Indian territory.
1846-1950, years of the reign of Rana family. In 1923, the British
recognized the independence of Nepal. 1950, Rana family rule ended,
establishment of constitutional monarchy. 1960, King Mahendra reign,
the implementation of parliamentary, non-partisan commentary. In
1990, the outbreak of a large-scale nationwide "people's movement"
forced King Birendra to implement a multi-party, parliamentary
Economic and Cultural Customs
Nepal is an agricultural country, economically backwards; it is
among the world's least developed countries. The main food crops
include rice, wheat, and corn. Cash crops are jute, tobacco, fuel,
and others. Forest products are herbs, musk, ivory, and rattan.
Nepalese generally do not shake hands when they meet, but touch each
other's palms together. Nepalese often nod ''no'', while shaking the
head gives consent. Generally, a host gives three parting gifts:
Nepalese cap, shoes, and a Gallery goli knife. The Gallery Golley
knife is a curved waist knife, of exquisite craftsmanship. In the
rural areas of Nepal, women are subordinate to men, with little
access to education. Women usually wear slippers outside the city,
and generally do not wear shoes.
A famous Buddhist shrine located in southern Nepal, providing a good
feel for the ancient gardens of Mrs. Wang. According to legend, in
563 BC Maya came here, while down at Saul students learned Darrow
(the Buddha). In 249 BC, the Phoenician King Ashoka of India came to
pay his last respects and to worship side-by-side with stone
pillars. Buddha's Birthdaycelebration is held every year in this
Chitwan National Park
Located in southern Nepal, 120 km southwest of Kathmandu, Lei Puti
Valley, an area of 980 square kilometers, was built in 1973 and is
Nepal's first national park. Horned rhinoceros is extremely rare
here, as only 1,200 or so remain in the world. Horned rhinoceros are
regarded as national treasures in Nepal. The animal is 2 meters tall
and weighs over 2 tons, eats grass, and is gentle in nature. In the
park there are other rare birds and animals, including the Bengal
tiger, a protected animal, in addition to deer, antelope, monkeys,
leopards, elephants wild boars, and 36 other species of mammals,
plus 400 species of birds.