Mongolia is located in Central Asia. It covers an area of
1,566,500 square kilometers and is the world's second-largest
landlocked country. Mongolia has a population of 2.5 million, 80% of
whom are Mongolians, inhabited mainly by believers in Lamaism. The
primary language is Khalkha Mongolian, and the currency is the Tug.
The capital is Ulan Bator (Ulaanbaatar).
Three vertical rectangles alternate red, blue, and red. Drawn
from the top left corner is a yellow meal under fire, not 0 head,
the moon, triangle, rectangle and Yam age support Ray's wife, the
red sign of victory. Loyality to the motherland is symbolized by
blue, while yellow is a symbol of freedom and independence. Fire,
sun, and moon so that the people have eternal life; triangles and
rectangles represent wisdom, integrity and loyalty to staff Jia. Yin
and Yang are the symbol of harmony.
History of Mongolia. Third century BC, became the center of the Hun
Empire. AD 15 century, Genghis Khan unified the Mongol Empire.
1279-1368, the Mongols established the Yuan dynasty in China;
17th-18th century conquest by the Qing dynasty. In December 1911,
the Russians supported Mongolia's declaration of independence. In
1917, after the demise of tsarist Russia, it reverted to China. On
November 26, 1924, the Mongolian People's Republic was established.
In February 1945, the Soviet Union, the United States and Britain
signed the "Yalta Agreement" which provides that "Outer Mongolia
(Mongolian People's Republic of) status must be maintained." Renamed
in 1992 to Mongolia.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Mongolia has vast natural pastures, accounting for 83% of the
country's area; the per capita grassland area is largest in the
world. Mongolia is a country dominated by animal husbandry. Horse,
cattle, camels, roro cars are the main means of transport. Livestock
products are mainly leather, boots, harnesses, blankets, and wool.
Dairy products, tea, and mutton are favorite Mongolian foods,
usually eating meat without chopsticks or a fork, but with the meat
held in the left hand, while the right hand holds a knife to eat.
Wrestling, horse racing, and archery are the three favorite
sports of ethnic Mongolians. Each year's Nadam Fair, on July 11, is
rich in national characteristics and collective entertainment.
Dances and music include the traditional Mongolian folk musical
instruments, piano and wood, about 1 meter long, covered with horse
hide or sheepskin, with a piano bar carved at the top of a Tau-shaped
decoration. The rhythm is free and the melody soothing, giving an
independent, natural beauty like the face.