Mauritius - Indian Ocean, a key gateway
Mauritius is located in the southeast Indian Ocean, Africa, the
full name of the Republic of Mauritius. An area of 2040 square meter
line, the population l 21 million, mainly Indian and Pakistani
descent. Residents are Hindu, Christian and Islam. The main official
language is English, French is also widely used. Currency of Rs. The
capital Port Louis.
The Mauritius flag has red, blue yellow and green horizontal
stripes. Red symbolizes the strong stand in the freedom struggle,
blue represents the Indian Ocean, yellow the light shining symbol of
an independent island nation, and green agriculture.
It was originally a desert island, but in 1598 the Dutch began to
rule, calling it "Mauritius." In 1715, it was occupied by France and
renamed the "Ile de France." In 1814, it became a British colony.
Since then, the United Kingdom from the Americas, Africa, India
moved into a large number of slaves, prisoners and freemen to this
reclamation. On May 12, 1968, there was a declaration of
independence and a constitutional monarchy was established on
instructions from the British Queen as head of state. In May 1992,
it became a republic, with the president as head of state.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Mauritius is a shipping hub between the south Atlantic and Indian
Oceans and is known as the "key to the Indian Ocean Gateway." It is
also known as "sweet island." Sugar cane cultivation and the sugar
industry are the economic entities. Sugar, exports, tourism and
financial services are the four major economic pillars of Mauritius.
It offers free medical care, free education and a welfare policy.
Pamplemousses Botanical Garden
Pamplemousses is Mauritius's oldest botanical garden. Built in
1769, it has 2 to 3 square km of the island with a variety of
tropical rare plants, some with leaves the sizes of umbrellas. Some
of the rows of palm trees take a hundred years before they flower
once, and grow up to 3 m. There are towering trees and majestic
giant banyan tree aerial roots and a variety of flowers and herbs.