Malaysia - Rubber and Tin Kingdom
Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia. The country name comes from
Greek, meaning "Mexican land." The country covers an area of 330,300
square kilometers and has a population of 25.32 million, of which
the Malays and other indigenous make up 60%, Chinese 25%, and
Indians 7%. Islam is the state religion, and other religions are
Buddhism, Hinduism, and Christianity. Malay is the official
language, English and Chinese are also spoken. The currency is the
ringgit. Kuala Lumpur (Kuala Lumpur) is the capital.
The 13 red and white stripes and 14-pointed star on the flag
represent the country's 13 states and the central government. Blue
symbolizes the unity of the people and the Commonwealth. The
crescent is the symbol of Islam, while the yellow symbolizes the
head of state.
The early years of the Malay Peninsula are ancient. In the 15th
century, Malacca was the center of the unified Kingdom of Malacca
covering most of the Malay Peninsula. The 16th century brought
Portuguese, Dutch, and British occupation. By the early 20th
century, Malaysia was completely reduced to a British colony.
Sarawak, Sabah is the history of Brunei. In 1888, the two became a
British protectorate. During "World War II" in Malaya, Sarawak,
Sabah was occupied by Japan. After the war, the United Kingdom
resumed their colonial rule. On August 31, 1957, Malaya declared
independence. On September 16, 1963, the Federation of Malaya
combined with Singapore, Sarawak, and Sabah to form Malaysia (On
August 9, 1965, Singapore exited the union).
Economic and Cultural Customs
Malaysia's economy is dominated by agriculture, with a number of
tropical cash crops, especially rubber. Rubber and pepper production
and export volume ranks highly in the world. Malaysia's tin
production once led the world, but the yield has decreased
significantly in recent years. The country has 75% forest cover,
with a rich variety of tropical hardwoods, of which more than 70
kinds have been used. Fishing is mainly fishing, with rapidly
developing freshwater aquaculture.
Butterflies are a valuable resource in Malaysia, with as many as
thousands of varities. Locals will sell specimens of butterflies and
colorful ornaments, attracting tourists and major specialty
11 kilometers north of Kuala Lumpur, set off from several jungle, a
thousand yards from the summit cliff on the hillside, there are more
than twenty limestone caves. The Batu Caves cover an area of 225
hectares, with the black hole and the light inside the cave the most
famous holes. A cool dark black hole is not the sun. Bizarre, sunny
light is injected from the top of the cave. Light-hole and black
hole in many people and various animals and birds shaped like
stalactites, superlative craftsmanship, stunning.