Kuwait - Golden State
Kuwait is located at the northwest end of the Persian Gulf in
Western Asia. "Kuwait" in Arabic means "small castle." Covering an
area of 17,800 square kilometers, Kuwait has a population of 2.33
million, of whom about 38% are Kuwaitis, with the rest foreign
nationals. Residents are Muslim. Arabic is the official language,
and English is also spoken. The Kuwaiti dinar is the currency. The
capital is Kuwait City (A1 Kuwait).
A black trapezoid is on the flagpole side of the Kuwaiti flag, with
green, white, and red stripes from the top down. Black symbolizes
fighting, green is a symbol of an oasis, white symbolizes purity,
and the red symbolizes blood for the motherland.
In the 7th century, Kuwait was part of the Arab Empire. Since
1581,the same family has ruled Kuwait since Khalid. In 1756, the
ruling Al Sabah family was granted the right to establish the
Emirate of Kuwait. In 1871, Kuwait became a province of the Ottoman
Empire, Basra County. In 1899, the British signed a secret
agreement, forcing Kuwait to become a "sovereign state." In 1939,
Kuwait officially become a British "protectorate." In 1954, chief
Abdullah Sabah headed the Supreme Council. In 1960, the council took
over from the British judicial system and monetary management. On
June 19, 1961, Kuwait declared independence. After armed invasion by
Iraq in 1991, Iraq announced the abolition of and five-year
annexation of Kuwait.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Over 50% of Kuwait's territory lies at an altitude of 100 meters
below the desert. Oil-rich Kuwait is one of the world's most
important oil-exporting countries, and oil revenue is the country's
main income, so it is said to be "oil country"or the "Golden State."
Other industries include refining, liquefied natural gas,
desalination, construction materials, and others. Livestock is
developed, with an output of meat and leather. With rich fishery
resources, the main export is shrimp products. Kuwait's average
annual precipitation is 50 to 77 mm, and there is no perennial flow
of water in rivers and lakes. Water is more precious than oil, the
so-called "water of the country."
Kuwait, with the world's highest per capita income, has a typical
oil economy. Oil revenues in recent years, and there has been
large-scale foreign investment. The government has implemented a
high-welfare system and exempted from personal income tax in order
to provide free health and education, provide jobs, set prices,
control rents, subsidize marriage, and so on.
Kuwait's desalination project
Kuwait's prouduction of desalinated water ranks in the world. In
multi-level, pure sea water distillation, the more the water is
under pressure, the lower the boiling point. Also, the larger the
area, the greater the amount of vaporization. There are as many as
32 gradually decompressing levels in Kuwait's desalination plant.
When sea water is sprayed into each level from the bottom up,
numerous tiny drops of water are formed, which can evaporate to a
great extent, not only reducing energy consumption, but also
increasing production. After the water evaporates, cool iron pipes
re-condense the liquid as distilled water. Kuwait built the world's
largest desalination plant.
This island is located 20 kilometers east of the capital in the bay.
The island was built in the 3rd century BC to the Greek gods by
Alexander. In recent years, a large number of cultural relics have
been unearthed in succession, located stone utensils, various
images, and stones engraved with text. Excavation has also found
more than 400 round stone seals from the Delmon time, exquisitely
engraved with a variety of people and animals. According to
research, the island is the birthplace of the seal.