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Japan

Japan - Country of Cherry Blossoms
Japan is an island nation in East Asia and the Western Pacific. The country's name means "rising sun,” and is also known as a country of cherry blossoms, volcanoes, and earthquakes. Covering an area of 780,000 square km, Japan has a population of 1.2756 million, mainly ethic Japanese. Many residents believe in Shinto and Buddhism. The language is Japanese, and the currency is the yen. The capital of Japan is Tokyo.

History
In the mid-4th century AD, Japan appears as a unified country. In the early fifth century, Japan reached its peak. Taika Reforms, launched in the year 645, established the emperor as absolute monarch, creating a centralized feudal state system. By the end of the twelfth century, the warrior class became the real power of the military feudal state, known to history as the "Shogun" period. In 1868, innovators implemented the "Meiji Restoration," abolishing the feudal clan system and establishing a unified centralized state to restore the supremacy of the rule of the emperor, the development of capitalism, and gradually followed a road of aggression and expansion. Japan was defeated in World War II and, on August 15, 1945, announced its unconditional surrender. Japan Map

National Flag

Japan Flag
The Japanese flag is white, with a red circle. White symbolizes purity, while the red is a symbol of good faith. The sun flag comes from the Legend of the Sun God in Japan, by which the emperor is the son of Apollo.

Kimono
The Kimono is modeled on the costumes of the Chinese Tang Dynasty, converted into a traditional Japanese costume, of which the main types are "black left sleeve," "color left sleeve," "LO sleeve," and the "vibrating sleeve," "Access sleeves" and other types.
Japanese kimonos have different styles, affordable shades, and more complex patterns. For women, for example, the kimono should be tied with a "small band" and "pocket pack" and women should be barefoot or wear socks indoors, wearing grass shoes or clogs outside, but women also must comb their hair corresponding to their dress, and behavior must follow certain rules . Women walk closer to the legs, with feet walking in a straight line, the body slightly forward, her hands between the waist.

Economic and Cultural Customs
Japan's economy is second only to the United States, With highly developed industry including steel, automobiles, shipbuilding, electronics, chemical and textiles. Japan is a major exporter. After 80 years of the 20th century, the Japanese made efforts to develop the electronics industry, among other high value-added and knowledge-intensive industries. Sony, Toshiba, Hitachi, Panasonic and other consumer electronics companies, Nikon, Canon and other optical companies have become synonymous with high quality and are marketed around the world. Japan is resource-poor but labor-intensive, thus requiring the import of raw materials and the export of manufactured goods in an export-oriented economic structure.

Mostly, when meeting the Japanese, bow, as the ceremony that most people see involves a bow of 30 to 45 . Japanese are very particular about sitting at home and still maintain"tatami" habits and traditions. The correct method is to sit knees close together, hips pressing into the heels. However, do not use the "tatami" young people have gradually adopted.

Japanese tea ceremony
From China, and later developed into a beautiful custom of hospitality, "respect, quiet, lonely" is the tea ceremony at the highest level. Now the Japanese tea ceremony involves nearly 10 million people, with many schools; the most representative flow is still 1000, "3000." In the Japanese tea ceremony, every detail has a strict protocol, with tea inside the charcoal and a ceramic tea kettle, with very fine and elegant tea bowls and utensils.

Sumo
Sumo is one of the most unique sports, revered as Japan's "national sport." Two competitors of round diameter 4.55 m, dressed in "T-shaped underwear," wrestle with the rival party until either falling out of bounds or winning.

As for the height and body fat of Sumo wrestlers, most weigh 150 kg and are 110. Sumo wrestlers are divided into levels, of which the maximum segment is Yokozuna, professional sumo wrestlers, twelve higher than "the ability of soil.". Sumo in Japan is an elegant business, and good wrestlers are treated as stars and favorites by the Japanese people. Japan's national sport, sumo, represents a strong, competitive spirit and personality.

Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji is one of Japan's many volcanoes and, at elevation 3776 m, is the highest peak in Japan. A unique cone-shaped mountain from afar, just like the one hanging upside down in the fan, the Japanese have the highest respect for the supremacy of this "sacred mountain."

Mount Fuji stands, rich and aloof, on the eastern part of Honshu Island, above the broad, level plain, the mountain big with harmonious symmetry and near-perfect lines. The glistening white peak, bright sun, blue sky, and cherry blossoms have become symbols of Japan.

Mount Fuji is cyclically active. The earliest recorded eruption occurred in AD 800, while the most recent eruption was in 1707, but, according to scientists who analyzed the volcano, Fuji's activity has a history of tens of thousands of years. According to statistics, 80 million tourists visit Mount Fuji every year.

Japanese Cherry Blossom
Sakura, or the cherry blossom, is the national flower of Japan, and there are a total of more than 340 kinds of different types. The most common are mountain cherry, Yoshino cherry, and double cherry. Yaezakura are the best to look at, also known as Peony cherry. Cherry blossoms along Japan's longest road are located within a quiet day plant in Hokkaido, "20 asked the Road," about 8 km long with both sides planted with about 10,000 different types of cherry blossoms. Certain varieties of cherry blossoms thrive under cold weather conditions, due to different flowering times; a "cold Fei Ying" has been heroically blooming in mid-January each year, while the "last banner in" blooms in May. Time from mid-flowering until full flowering is generally 7 to 10 days. The pink , yellow, red and white cherries blossom each year from 15 March to 15 April, is the time of the Cherry Blossom Festival in Japan.

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