Jamaica - Spring Island
Jamaica, which mean “spring of the island” in the Arawak language,
is located in the northwest Caribbean Sea. and cover an area of
11,000 square kilometers. It has a population of 2.62 million, most
of whom are black and mulattos, with Christianity the primary
religion. English is the official language, and the currency is the
Jamaican dollar. The capital is Kingston.
The Jamaican flag consists of a yellow cross separating two green
and two black triangles. The yellow symbolizes Jamaica's natural
resources and beautiful sunshine, the black represents triumph is
the face of adversity, and the green symbolizes hope and the
country’s rich agricultural resources.
Prior to the arrival of Columbus in 1494, Jamaica was original
inhabited by Arawak Indians. In 1509, the island was colonized by
Spain, with the British occupying it in 1655. In 1866, it became a
British crown colony, and on August 6, 1962, independence was
declared at Jamaica became part of the Commonwealth.
Economy and Cultural Customs
Jamaica has an abundance of plants and is one of the world’s leading
producers of dye extracted from the Anatoly tree Soil, sugar, and
tourism are the three pillars of the economy, and Jamaica is also
the world's third-largest bauxite producer. The tourism industry
provides one of the highest per capita incomes.
In the north coast, there are eight wonderful rivers which join
together before reaching the sea, creating one large "roaring river"
flowing out of the mountains, forming 40 meters high and 60 meters
wide spectacular waterfalls. To the east are the Blue Mountains
which contain clear water springs, earning the description: "Blue
Mountain, the clear, clear water of the country,"