Iraq - The Date Country
Iraq is in the northeast Arabian Peninsula and is also known as
the Republic of Iraq. "Iraq" means "vessel" in Arabic. The name of
Iraq for Mesopotamia comes from the dense water network, which is
like blood vessels. The country has an area of 441,800 square km and
a population of 23.58 million, 74% of whom are Arabs, with the
others Kurds, Turks, and so on. Residents are Muslim. The official
language is Arabic, but English is also spoken. Iraqi dinar is the
currency. Baghdad (Baghdad) is the capital.
Flag is composed of red, white, and black, with three green,
five-pointed stars in the middle, along with the Arabic words "God
is great." The four colors are Pan-Arab colors, representing the
Japanese polo Asia, Muhammad, Abbas, and Fatima, four of the
Hashemite dynasty. In addition, red and white symbolize grandeur and
peace, black is a symbol of jihad and the victory of San oil, and
green symbolizes the land. The three stars are symbols of unity,
freedom, and socialism.
Iraq has a long history. In 4700 BC, there was slavery in the
city-state. Established in 2000 BC, Babylon was one of the four
ancient civilizations. Since 550 BC, it has been successively
invaded and dominated by the Persians, the Arab Empire, and the
Ottoman Empire. In 1920, Iraq became a British "Mandate area." In
August 1921, Iraq declared independence, and established the Kingdom
of Iraq. Iraq achieved full independence in 1952. On July 14, 1958,
the Sal dynasty was overthrown, establishing the Republic of Iraq.
On August 2, 1990, Iraqi suddenly invaded Kuwait. The UN Security
Council demanded that Iraq withdraw from Kuwait, and decided to
impose sanctions against Iraq. On January 17, 1991, the US-led
multinational forces in Iraq launched the "Desert Storm" military
action. A strong multinational force joined the offensive, and Iraq
announced on February 27 that they would withdraw their military
from Kuwait. The war lasted a month.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Oil production and export dominated the national economy. After the
August 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, the United Nations decided to
impose strict economic sanctions against Iraq, and the Iraqi economy
suffered a major blow. In December 1996, Iraq was permitted, by the
United Nations' "oil for food" program, to export $2 billion U.S.
per year of oil to buy food, medicine, and other humanitarian goods.
In April 2005, the United States launched a war in Iraq to overthrow
Saddam Hussein, and the Iraqi economy has suffered heavy losses.
Iraq is rich in date palms, and their cultivation can be traced
back 5000 years. Since ancient times, date palm trees have been
considered auspicious and noble. Iraqi dates were one-third of the
total global annual output, ranking first in the world. Iraq is
known as the "date country."
"Arabian Nights" in the home - Baghdad
There is the ancient legend of the cruel king of Baghdad, who one
day would marry a princess, only to kill her at the next day's
light. The Prime Minister's daughter, Sandro, voluntarily marries
the king to save them. Every night, she tells the king a story, only
to have a sudden interruption in a key area. After the king hears
the story, he decides not to kill her. She talked for 1001
consecutive nights, and finally convinced the king not to kill her;
he officially makes her queen. Later this story became the
mysterious Arabian Classical Literature, the "Arabian Nights." "Alibaba
and Sishitaidao" and "Aladdin's Lamp" are among the stories. Now on
Bagedanu gas street still stands, "one thousand and one nights," a
bronze sculpture of the princess story.
Khulna is located in southern Iraq. The confluence of the Euphrates
and Tigris forms a vast marshy area. Here the reeds reach up to six
meters and the papyrus reaches up to three meters tall. Reed marshes
and numerous ducks provide wide scenery. Local residents build reed
houses on small hills, the floor mostly made of papyrus pressed into
the plate mixed with soil. The Christian myth of Adam and Eve in the
Garden of Eden was said to have taken place here. The people on the
marshes live on fishing and game birds.
Iraq's largest port city, situated at the confluence of the Tigris
and the west bank of the Euphrates, Basra is a connection to the
Persian Gulf and the only hub of the inland river system. Waterways
and canals crisscross the city, known as the "Venice of the East."
The West Bank of the Euphrastes has dense date palm trees.
Two-thirds of the date palm in Iraq are here.
Ancient ruins of Babylon
Iraq was very powerful in Babylonian times. About 90 kilometers
southeast of Baghdad, the ancient city of Babylon, built in 3000 BC,
is located. The remains of a magnificent grand palace are still
preserved, with tall, arched gates, sculptures, and beautiful
buildings, paved with stone and asphalt poured a guard of honor
Avenue. The famous "hanging gardens" in the ancient city is the most
impressive building. For the king's wife, who was from the
mountains, a large number of specially-built platforms are like an
artificial mountain, and a technical means of irrigation allowed
flowers to grow on the platforms. People came from far away to see
the flowers and herbs everywhere. These Hanging Gardens of Babylon
were known as one of the "seven wonders of ancient civilization."