Hungary - the Pearl of the Danube
Hungary is located in the Carpathian Basin in Central European
countries, all known as the Republic of Hungary. Area of 93 square
meters. Population of 10.1 million, 98% of Hungarians, as well as
Slovakia, Romania, Croatia and other ethnic minorities. Residents
mainly Catholic and Protestant. The official language is Hungarian.
Forint currency. Budapest (Budapest).
From the top down the flag is composed of three parallel red,
white and green rectangles. Red symbolizes blood, white symbolizes
peace and green symbolizes hope for the future.
In 1000, St. Istvan established a feudal state. In 1526 was the
Turkish invasion and in 1541 Hungary was divided into three by the
Ottoman Sultan, the Habsburg dynasty and the rule of the Grand Duchy
of Erdely. In 1699, the entire territory was ruled by the Habsburg
dynasty. In April 1849, the Republic of Hungary was established, but
this was soon quashed by the Russian Olympic coalition. In 1867,
together with the composition of the Austrian Empire, the
Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy was formed. On May 21, 1919, the
Hungarian Soviet Republic was established. On October 25, 1989, it
was renamed the Republic of Hungary.
Economic and Cultural Customs
Agriculture is important for the national economy. Nearly 80% of
the land is used as agricultural land and the main crops are wheat,
corn, sugar beet, potatoes and vegetables and fruit. Mechanical
manufacturing, precision instruments, food processing and textile
sectors are important industries as is winemaking, which is world
famous. Budapest is the country's largest city and industrial
center. It has been called the "Paris of eastern Europe" and the
One of the most beautiful and largest series of caves in Europe.
Located in northeast Hungary, it has 22 km of underground passages
housing some of the world's largest stalactites and stalagmites.
"Giant Hall" is Europe's most magnificent cave hall. In addition,
archaeologists have found a lot of Stone Age relics of primitive