Greece - Sailing States
Greece is located in the southernmost tip of the Balkans. The
full name of the Hellenic Republic. Greece in Greek means "Shearon
people live." An area of 132,000 square kilometers. 110l million
population, 98% for the Greeks, the other for the Arabs. Residents
are Orthodox. The official language is Greek. Currency is the euro.
The flag has blue and white horizontal stripes and in the top
left there is a blue square with a painted white cross. It is a
symbol of the blue sky and Christian faith.
Greece is the birthplace of Western civilization. From BC 5000 to
BC 1100, there was the Minoan culture of Crete, BC in 1600 to the
former in 1050, and the Peloponnesian peninsula Mycenaean culture.
800 BC city-state form of slavery. fifth century BC for the peak.
And Ru Luoma Empire in 146 AD. In the mid-15th century the Ottoman
Empire ruled. In 1821, there was the outbreak of the war for
independence. In 1852, a kingdom was established. In 1974, a
republic was established.
A temple to worship the gods of ancient Greece, this is one of
Greece's most important landmarks and tourist attractions. It is
located in the old city of Athens on Acropolis Hill, the highest
point in the city. Built between 447 and 438 BC, by the famous
architect and sculptor Phidias, it is considered the pinnacle of
Doric architecture. Outside the temple was rectangular, about 70
meters, 30 meters wide, with more than 46 gram-type ring out in
cylindrical form colonnade. All use of white marble material,
interior and exterior walls around the temple there are many Greek
myths carved relief.
The Athos Peninsula in northern Greece is the Greek Orthodox
Church of the Holy Land. Peninsula residents are monks dressed in
black clothes and engaged in agriculture, fishing, printing, food
and painting. The Athos Peninsula is also known as "Xanadu." Women
are forbidden to enter. It has become a special administrative
region of Greece, and is referred to as "the right to an independent
kingdom of God."
Greece is also the birthplace of the ancient Olympic Games. In
776 BC, peace in all of Greece's Olympic athletic village of the
General Assembly held in the Peloponnese, then, held at regular
intervals. 394 AD by Roman emperor banned. Greece after
independence, the French educator Baron Pierre de Coubertin's
initiative, In 1896, the first modern Olympic Games in Athens were
held. Since then, each Olympic torch has been lit by the use of the
Economic and Cultural Customs
Greek industry is based around mining, food, textiles, chemicals
and building materials. Bauxite and marble are important minerals.
Crops consist of mainly wheat, corn and rice. The main cash crops
are tobacco, grapes, olives, citrus fruits and cotton. On the
southern island of Crete are the main olive-growing areas. The
country's olive oil production and exports rank third in Europe.
Greece has a well-developed shipping industry that has long been
an important pillar of the national economy and a major source of
foreign earnings. Greece has the world's largest merchant fleet, all
privately owned. Greece's largest port is Piraeus, and about 60% of
the country's sea cargo passes through there.
Greece is one of the world's ancient civilizations. Homer's
"Iliad" and "Odyssey" are European art treasures of literature. The
famous sculpture "arm of Venus" can also be found here. The ancient
Greeks understood the first solar eclipse, the formation of the
lunar eclipse, first proposed the heliocentric theory and first
proved the Pythagorean theorem.