Ethiopia - Africa's roof
The Federal Democratic Republic of Aisaibiya, also known as
Ethiopia, is located in eastern Africa, covering an area of
1,103,600 square kilometers. The population is approximately 67.22
million, including 80 tribes, amongst them the Oromo and Amhara.
Residents are primarily Muslim, and Amharic is the federal language,
with English also spoken. The currency is the Ethiopian birr, and
Addis Ababa (Addis Abeba) is the capital.
Ethiopia's national flag comprises of three horizontal stripes of
green, yellow, and red, with an emblem in the center. Green
symbolizes the fertile land, mild climate, and rich plant resources,
yellow represents the determined people who defend the motherland,
and the red denotes the blood the people are ready to shed.
Ethiopia is an ancient country with 5,000 years of civilization,
with the Kingdom of Nubia established in the 8th century BC. After
this, the Kingdom of Axum was established, and in the 10th century
AD the Zager Dynasty came to power. The 15th century saw the rise of
the Kingdom of Abyssinia, and in the 19th century, the country split
into a number of factions. In 1889, Nilik II became emperor and
unified the country, creating Addis Ababa as capital. In 1890, Italy
invaded Ethiopia, forcing its "protection." In September 1987, the
Ethiopian People's Democratic Republic was created, and on August
22, 1995, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia was
Economy and Cultural Customs
The economy is primarily based on agriculture and animal husbandry,
with wheat being the most important food crop. There are also
deposits of gold, platinum, and nickel.
Ethiopia's calendar and the public as below, 13 months a year, its
previous 12-month average of 50 days per month, 5 days remaining to
the average year, a leap year 6 days for the first 13 months, known
as the "1 3 months in the sunny state. "
In Ethiopia, only the major streets have street names.
Located 300 kilometers north of the capital, 11 six-storey blocks of
five rocks are dug out of single stone church. These fully built in
the mountain rock within the church, from top to bottom full of the
Greek cross pendants, decorated with 10,000 words, floral and
geometrical patterns, Phoenix patterns, peacocks, and other animals.
According to legend, it was built in about 1000 BC, during the Zager
dynasty, by King Lalibela, a Christian. He went to be buried in the
monolithic church which, when discovered in 1977, was described as
an "African miracle."