Equatorial Guinea - Forest Kingdom
The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is located in central and western
Africa, covering an area of 2.8 million square kilometers. The
population is approximately 54 million, mainly aromatic and Bubi.
The principal religion is Catholicism and the official language is
Spanish, with French as a second language. Other indigenous
languages are also used, Fang and Bubi. The currency is the CFA
franc and the capital is Malabo.
On the far left hand side of the flag of Equatorial Guinea is a blue
triangle which points right, cutting through three horizontal
stripes of green, white, and red, with an emblem in the center.
Green symbolizes wealth, white denotes peace, red represents the
spirit of the struggle for independence, and blue symbolizes the
After the 15th century, Portugal occupied Bioko, Corisco, and the
Anno islands. In 1778, Portugal included the three islands,
including Aoge Wei River (now Gabon), with Neil Creek coastal areas,
designated as Spanish spheres of influence. In 1845, the West
established colonial rule. In 1959, Equatorial Guinea became a
Spanish overseas province, and in 1964, an internal self-government
was implemented On October 12, 1968 independence was declared the
Republic of Equatorial Guinea established.
Economy and Cultural Customs
Equatorial Guinea is a land of coastal plains, highlands, and many
rivers. The tropical rainforest climate results in hot and rainy
weather, with the “Forest Kingdom” providing more than 70% coverage.
Wood is one of Equatorial Guinea's primary economic pillars. The
countries major crops include cocoa, coffee, cassava, taro, and
bananas, with Bioko Island referred to as the "granary of Equatorial
Guinea." Bananas produced in Equatorial Guinea are known for their
superior quality. One type grown are known as "Pigs, bananas," as
they are very thick. After they are steamed they take on a creamy
texture, and are known as "meat banana." In Equatorial Guinea
bananas are also often dried and ground into powder to make bread
and steamed pudding.
The people of the Mbini River District divide the year into four
seasons: the dry season, small dry season, rainy season, and the
small rainy season. Although the area is located in the northern
hemisphere, the seasons are the same as the southern hemisphere.
From December to February the coastal beaches attract many visitors
to the hot sand, with many climbing up to the Gulf of Guinea turtle
Bioko Island is known for its taro light production, which is the
main food consumed by the islanders. After each year of taro
cultivation, people celebrate the famous Taro Festival to pray for
the coming year, in the hopes of prosperity and a large crop of
Equatorial Guinea's coastal zone contains a dense growth of
mangroves. Mangroves are a strange beach ecosystem, as they prefer
low-lying muddy conditions. When the mangrove seeds float into the
sea after two or three months, they quickly take root and grow into
mangroves, often more than 30 meters high. Mangrove wood is hard and
durable in water and underground is not bad. The growth of mangroves
on beaches can gradually deposit sediment, causing beach widening.
To the observing the giant mangroves are like red guards, protecting
the sea and the embankment.