Egypt – country of the Pyramids
Egypt, across Asia, Africa, two continents, the majority in
northeast Africa, just east of the Suez Canal, Sinai Peninsula in
Southwest Asia. Full name Arab Republic of Egypt. An area of
1,001,000 square kilometers. Population of 70.55 million, mainly
Arabs. Residents are Muslim. The official language is Arabic, the
top general English. Currency is the Egyptian pound. Cairo (cairo).
From the top down the flag has three red, white and black
rectangles. Red symbolizes life, white symbolizes purity and black
symbolizes the dark past years. At the end is a central painted
golden eagle, which is the Egyptian emblem.
Egypt is one of the world's four ancient civilizations. In 5200
BC, there was slavery in the unified state, under the king called a
pharaoh. After the sixth century BC, it was long dominated by
foreign peoples. In 640, Arabs invaded. In 1517, it was conquered by
the Turks and joined the Ottoman Empire's province. In 1882, it was
occupied by British troops. On June 18, 1955, the establishment of
the Republic of Egypt was announced. In February 1958, it merged
with the Syrian Arab Republic. In 1961, the Syrian coup quit the
"United Arab." On September 1, 1971, it changed its name to the Arab
Republic of Egypt.
Ancient Egyptians believed that after death the soul left the
body only temporarily and that as long as the body was well
preserved, one day, the soul could return to the flesh. To this end,
the Egyptians mastered long-term preservation techniques. First, the
deceased's brain and internal organs were removed, and then the body
was washed with salt. When the salt was dry, cavities were filled
with spices, a rubber exterior coating was applied and then good
linen wrapping. This is the "mummy." Antiseptic treatment, combined
with the local dry climate, can save the body for a long time.
Economic and Cultural Customs
The economy is dominated by agriculture, with the main
agricultural production areas concentrated in the Nile Valley and
Nile Delta. Egypt's year-round temperature is dry, and so automatic
sprinkler technology has been widely used. Wheat and maize are the
main food crops. Egypt is Africa's largest cotton-producing country.
From this cotton they produce cashmere, which has an annual
production of 600,000 tons and is a world-famous Egyptian export.
Industries include textiles, food processing and light industry
mainly. In recent years, petroleum, fertilizer, cement, machinery
and electric power industries have developed.
Egypt has a long cultural history. The wisdom of ancient
Egyptians brought us astronomy, calendars, architecture and
sculptures. As early as 5000 BC, the Egyptians created a solar
calendar of human history according to the relationship between
fluctuations and the sky,. Taught by Rome after the reform, the more
scientific "Geligeli calendar" that we use today was formed. After
the annual Nile floods, the ancient Egyptians re-measured the land
and promoted the use of geometry. The majestic pyramids along the
Nile are the essence of ancient Egyptian architecture.
Egyptians love music and dance. The Egyptian oriental dance, also
known as the belly dance, is danced by women, mostly solo. Grasping
food to eat with the Egyptians, but only the three right hand
fingers, forbidden to eat with his left hand and then handed the
west wood items on the grounds that his left hand unclean. Men
cannot just wear the veil and women accosted. From junior to high
school, boys and girls are in separate classes.
Pyramids and Sphinx
King of the ancient Egyptian pyramids is the pharaoh's tomb. A
total of 95 pyramids have been found, of which the largest is the
27th century BC Law Khufu built in the south of Cairo. Giza pyramids
have a base length of 270 m, are 157.1 m high, and have more than
230 million boulders, each weighing about 2.5 tons and the biggest
weighing 16 tons. Even more striking is that there is no bonding
between the stone material – even the thinnest knife can hardly be
inserted. The vast amount of work and elaborate internal structure
has left future generations amazed.
Sphinx myth according to the fourth dynasty pharaoh of ancient
Egypt's head and lion. The body of a naked sculpture in stone, take
the east, crouching beside the pyramids in Giza, body length 57 m,
21 m high, like the ancient Greek myth of human-faced monster
Sphinx. Therefore, Westerners call it the "Sphinx."
The Suez Canal runs from the Mediterranean on the north side of
Port Said to the south Red Sea coast of Taufik port and connects the
Atlantic and Indian Oceans. It is 173 km long and 365 m wide, and
reduces the voyage from Europe to Asia by 5,500~8,000 km. Its
freight volume is first in the world's major canals. The canal was
dug in the 1859~1869 and is owned by the government of Egypt.