Ecuador - Equator States
The Republic of Ecuador is located in northwestern South America,
and means “equator” in Spanish. An area of 256,000 square kilometers
is home to a population of 12.84 million, mainly mestizo and Indian.
Residents are Catholic and the official language is Spanish,
although Quechua is also spoken. The currency is the U.S. dollar,
and the capital is Quito.
Ecuador’s national flag contains blue, red, and yellow, symbolic of
the original flag of the Republic of Colombia. In the center there
is an emblem. Yellow symbolizes the country's wealth, sunshine, and
food, blue symbolizes the sky, ocean, and the magnificent Amazon,
and red symbolizes freedom, justice, and the blood of patriots.
In the 15th century the land belonged to the Inca Empire. It was
colonized by Spain in 1532, and eventually declared independence on
August 10, 1809, although was occupied by the Spanish colonial army.
1822 saw the end of Spanish colonial rule and Ecuador joined
Colombia, Venezuela, and Panama to form the Republic of Colombia.
After this disintegration of the Republic in 1850, Ecuador announced
the establishment of the Republic of Ecuador. A long period of
political unrest ended in 1979, and the country now enjoys political
Economy and Cultural Customs
Traditionally strong agriculturally, the main agricultural products
are bananas, cocoa, coffee, and rice. The rapid development of oil
extraction is an important pillar of the economy, with strong oil
refining, food, textile, machinery, iron, and steel industries.
Ecuador also has some of the world's richest tuna fishing grounds,
as well as shrimp farms which allow the cultivation of a variety of
Ecuador was once a hub of the splendid Inca civilization. The Inca
created their own calendar, and built astronomical observatory and
Sun Temple on the equator. Determined by experts after the accurate
location of the equator south to 2000 meters at its office, and
later built a up to 8 meters, on the home giant stone globe's
Ecuador's Panama hat is world-famous, made from woven grass leaves.
Weaving a superior Panama hat takes three months.
The Galapagos Islands are located in the Pacific Ocean, and are
comprised of 17 major islands and about 100 small islands, also
known as the Cologne Islands. The islands contain more than 700
species of animals and birds, and more than 80 kinds ofs insects.
They are especially famous for the giant tortoise and large lizards,
being referred to as a "living museum of biological evolution."
There are many species of plants and trees, including coconut trees.
From the islands the Antarctic can be seen, and tropical penguins
and sea turtles, live on the islands. The entire ecosystem has
unique divergent natural smells.