The Republic of Chad, located in north-central Africa, covers an
area of 1,284,000 square kilometers. The name ‘Chad’ comes from the
Borno for “large water.” Approximately 256 tribes make up a
population of 8.59 million., with Islam, Christianity, and
indigenous religions prevalent. French and Arabic are both official
languages, the currency is the CFA franc, and the capital is En
The Chad national flag is comprised of three vertical strips of
blue, yellow, and red. The blue symbolizes the sky, hope, and life,
as well as the south of the country, the yellow represents the sun,
and the north of the country, and red denotes progress, unity, and
willingness to sacrifice the spirit of the motherland.
9 ~ 17 century AD, has established a bornu Gagne, ouadai, Bajimier
Sudan and other Muslim kingdom. The country became a French colony
in 1902, and in 1910 was classified as a territory of French
Equatorial Africa It took a year for the country to recognize the
laws of Germany under Morocco's protection. "War", the return to
French Equatorial Africa. Overseas territory in 1946 to become law.
In early 1957, the country became a semi-autonomous republic, and on
November 28, 1958, was declared a French Community and an autonomous
republic. On August 11, 1960, independence was declared and the
Republic of Chad established..
Economy and Cultural Customs
Chad’s economy is dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry,
with the e millet, sorghum, rice, and corn the main crops. Chad’s
cotton production amongst the best in Africa. Central and eastern
Chad has a good natural pasture, and the country is also rich
The Tubu people live in the Sahara desert, with arid environment
causing them to develop extraordinary ability to work hard. They
also enjoy a long lifespan, and an walk over dozens of kilometers of
stone in temperatures up to 45°C, with no change in their heart
Lake Chad is located in central Africa. The lake area has changed
dramatically due to the significant differences in precipitation
between the rainy and dry seasons. During the rainy season, the lake
spans a total of area of about 2.7 million square kilometers, but
shrinks to less than 11,000 square kilometers during the dry season.
As rivers flow into a larger lake in the southern, so salinity is
very low, almost fresh water; Lakes north strong evaporation, the
salt content of much. Lake biology and hence the more obvious
differences between the categories.