Burundi - the heart of Africa
The Republic of Burundi is located in central and eastern Africa,
covering an area of 278 square kilometers. The population is around
6.8 million, mainly composed of the people of the Hutu, Tutsi, and
Twa tribes, of which 84% are Hutu. Catholicism is the main religion,
with the official languages Kirundi and French. The currency is the
Burundi franc and the capital is Bujumbura.
The red of the Burundi national flag symbolizes the struggle for
freedom and the blood shed by the victims. Green symbolizes the hope
of progress, and white is reminiscent of the fact that peace exists
among humans. Three red stars stand for "unity, labor, and
progress," but also the ethnic solidarity of the three major tribes
in Burundi, the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa.
In the 17th century Tutsi herders established a feudal kingdom, with
the local Hutu eventually ruling. In 1890, Burundi became part of
German East Africa, and in 1922 became a Belgian mandated territory.
In 1946, the United Nations passed a resolution announcing that
Burundi was to be managed by Belgium On June 27, 1962, the 16th
Session of the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on the
independence of Burundi. On July 1 of the same year, the Kingdom of
Burundi declared its independence. On November 28, 1966, the
Micombero coup established the Republic of Burundi, and on November
1, 1976, the Bagaza coup established the second Republic of Burundi.
Finally, on September 5, 1987, the Major Buyoya coup overthrew the
Bagaza regime and established the Third Republic.
Economy and Cultural Customs
According to the United Nations, Burundi is one of the world's least
developed countries. Agriculture and animal husbandry are the
staples of the economy, with more than 90% of the population engaged
in one of these two fields. The main food crops are maize, rice,
sorghum, potatoes, and plantains, and the main cash crops are
coffee, tea, and cotton. In recent years, animal husbandry has
witnessed a recession, and now agro-processing industries, textiles,
cigarettes, and power generation are at the forefront.
Burundi's soil is red soil, and its climate is also suitable for
coffee cultivation. It also has the world's most diversified and
successful coffee businesses, with coffee trees Ngozi growing at an
altitude of 1200 meters. Burundi coffee is aromatic and rich in
flavor, with excellent acidity.
The East African Great Rift Valley is located in the south west
branch of Lake Tanganyika, the second of the East African Great
Lakes. From north to south it is 720 kilometers, and is one of the
world's longest freshwater lakes, with a depth of 1470 meters,
second only to Lake Baikal, the world's second deepest lake. Is
spans an area of 32,900 square kilometers.
The long and narrow Lake Tanganyika was created due to the formation
of crustal faults. The only water exports lukuga.
The people of Burundi like music, and the drum is a symbol of the
ancient kingdom. During major holidays, people beat drums for
celebration, encouraging people to folk dance. Dancers wear a red
and white robe, side jump edge knock.