Brazil - Football Kingdom
The Federative Republic of Brazil is located in southeastern South
America, and gets its name from the Portuguese for "Rosewood." An
area of 8,547,000 square kilometers is home to a population of
1.7687 million, mainly white and black and white mixed. Residents
are Catholic and Portuguese is the official language. The currency
is the Real and the capital is Brasilia.
The Brazilian flag is green and yellow. Green symbolizes Brazil's
vast forests, and yellow symbolizes the rich mineral deposits and
resources. In the center is a blue globe with a white band, which
contains Portuguese words: order and progress. Beneath the white
band are southern hemisphere stars, symbolizing Brazil's 26 states
combined in one Federal District.
On April 22, 1500, the Portuguese navigator Pedro Cabral arrived in
Brazil. In the 1650s, the Portuguese established a colony in Brazil,
and in 1549 appointed a Governor. In 1808, Napoleon invaded
Portugal, and the Portuguese royal family moved to Brazil, although
they later returned to Lisbon in 1821. On September 7, 1822, Pedro
Luo Wangzi declared independence, establishing the Brazilian Empire.
On November 15, 1889, the Fonseca General coup overthrew the
monarchy and established the Brazilian States of America. In May
1964, there was a military coup which led to autocratic rule. This
led to the country changing its name in 1967 to the Federal Republic
of Brazil. January 1985, the military government to the people.
The Amazon rainforest is the world's largest pristine tropical
rainforest, covering an area of 7,000,000 square kilometers. The
rainforest slopes down from the Andes to Brazil's Atlantic coast.
Total world reserves, forest reserves, more than 30%.
The survival of the Amazon rainforest is crucial for the survival of
the planet. Rainforests can absorb carbon dioxide, which causes
global warming and the polar ice caps to melt. Rainforests also
create lot of oxygen, which is why they are known as the "lungs of
the earth." Some rainforests have trees which are 60 meters in
height, acting like umbrellas and blocking out light. Therefore,
almost no trees or plants grow low down.
Brazil is one of the world's greatest soccer nations. In 1894, Sao
Paulo became the first football club in the country, and since then
the sport has flourished. Brazil's national team has participated in
17 consecutive World Cups, a brilliant record in itself, and has
also won the trophy five times. Brazil arguable has the world's most
talented players, full of imaginative improvisation and smooth sharp
attacks which have brought great joy to fans. Brazil has a lot of
good players in the Super League in Europe, the major effect, their
style of football with a samba interpretation of the myth of a
Economic and Cultural Customs
Brazil is Latin America's most economically developed country, and
is the world's eighth largest economic entity. Iron and steel,
automobile, shipbuilding, chemical, power and other departments are
large, and the main crops are coffee, cocoa, bananas, sugar cane,
cotton, soybeans, rice, maize, sisal, tobacco, and citrus. Coffee
production is prolific, earning the country the reputation of
"coffee Kingdom." Cocoa, sugar cane, citrus, and soybean production
is also amongst the best in the world, and Brazil is one of the
world's major exporters of agricultural products. Brazil is also the
world's only producer and exporter of guarana. Livestock development
ranks highest in South America, and Brazil's iron ore production and
export volume ranks second in the world. Uranium, ore, bauxite, and
manganese reserves rank third in the world. The country has the
world's largest tropical forest, with timber reserves of 65.8
billion cubic meters, ranking second in the world.
Samba is Brazil's most popular dance. It is said that samba
originated in Africa, but was influenced by the essence of Indian
art after being introduced to Brazil; thus the dance evolved. The
music has a rough, sharp, and rather unpleasant tone, but it is
optimistic and the dance is intense, cheerful, and lively.