Bolivia - South America's heart
The Republic of Bolivia is located in central South America, and
gets its name from Simon Bolivar, an outstanding leader of the South
American War of Independence. An area of 1,091,860 square kilometers
is home to a population of 8.28 million, with 54% Indian, 31%
Mestizo, and 15% white. Residents are Catholic and Spanish is the
official language. The currency is the Boliviano. La Paz is the seat
of government boards and the statutory capital is Sucre.
The Bolivian flag contains three horizontal strips of red, yellow,
and green, with a central emblem. Red symbolizes sacrifice, yellow
symbolizes hope, and green symbolizes the sacred land, representing
the country’s the main resources: animals, minerals and plants.
Although part of the Inca empire in the 13th century, Bolivia was
reduced to a Spanish colony in 1538, known to history as part of
Peru. On August 6, 1825, independence was declared and the country
renamed Bolivar to commemorate the Bolivarian Republic liberator
Bolivar. It was later renamed the Republic of Bolivia.
Economy and Cultural Customs
Bolivia is the world's leading exporter of minerals, although it is
industrially underdeveloped. Agricultural and pastoral products meet
most of the domestic demand, and the country is one of the poorest
in South America.
Guardian of the village community festival is the most solemn
ceremonies Indians, Indians of the Andes mountains enshrined idol.
Sucre was the capital of the early independent Bolivia, and still
retains the position of statutory capital. La Paz is now the
country's political, economic, and cultural center, located at an
altitude of 5,600 meters in the Bolivian highlands, earning it the
title "Plateau Capital."
Education in Bolivia is poor, and the country has one of the highest
illiteracy rates in Latin America.
Bolivia land contours like a side of the hanging of the heart, is
called "the heart of South America." The topography from west to
east. Land area of the eastern plains of about 3 / 5, 1 50 ~ 600
meters above sea level; central part of the valley basin; western
highlands of Bolivia, with an average altitude of 4,000 meters.
Thus, Bolivia is a landlocked country in South America, with high
terrain. La Paz's airport is the world's highest commercial airport.
Tiwanaku culture sites
Northern Bolivia is famous for the Inca site, Tiwanaku. Built
between the 5th and 3rd centuries BC, it is one of the oldest sites
in the Americas. The buildings include the most famous temple, Henan
Calaca, and the sun gate, which was hewn from a single piece of
stone. each of the summer solstice dawn of this day will be exactly
the central fire started.
Cochabamba is the third largest city in Bolivia, located in the
central basin. It was built in 1542 and is more than 5,000 meters
above sea level. The city has Spanish architecture, with an ornate
Catholic church in the central square. There is also an
archaeological Museum which contains artifacts that the Incas
concealed at Tiahuanaco. Every year, 15 days before Lent, the city
has a grand carnival.
Lake Titicaca is located between Bolivia and Peru and is the world's
largest freshwater lake, and one of the highest. The lake is 3,810
meters above sea level, Korea has approximately 880 - square km, 195
km long, maximum width of 100 km. Surrounded by mountains and
beautiful scenery, Lake Titicaca is known as the "Pearl of the
plateau." The famous Sun Island and Moon Island retains the ancient
Indian cultural traditions; the ancient lake is the site of Indian
culture. The Titicaca Lake is about 250 Ulu tribe's home, they live
in the floating raft. This raft with a known "totora" made of rushes
tied into floating on the lake Ya "into the work island." Residents