Countries in Africa
Africa - a paradise for wild animals
Africa is located on the east Indian and west Atlantic Oceans. In
Latin, it means "place where the sun is hot." It has 56 countries
and regions and a population of 851 million, accounting for 5.5% of
the world's population. The residents are mainly black skinned.
Africa has an area of about 50.2 million square kilometers and is
the second largest continent. There are some 800 language such as
the Sudan languages, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo - Saharan
languages, Asian languages and a non-Khoisan languages. Most
Africans believe in primitive religion and Islam.
Africa is one of the earliest birthplaces of human civilization.
It has a long history and rich cultural heritage. It gave birth to
the world's most ancient civilization Egypt. After Egypt, north
Africa gradually became Carthage, Greece and Rome. In the Middle
Ages, Africa survived through agriculture, animal husbandry and a
high level of commercial development. After the Middle Ages, a
kingdom was established in the Niger River and Senegal River Basin.
In the 15th century, it was invaded by western colonialists, who
started the slave trade and plundered the wealth of the land. After
World War 2, national independence surged in Africa and the colonies
Comparison of straight coast of Africa, the lack of the Gulf and
the peninsula, is the island at least every continent a continent.
Wide South mainland North narrow inverted triangle. The African
continent for the plateau, relatively flat terrain, north and south
ends of a mountain, with an average elevation of 750 meters. The
African landscape is dominated by wind erosion, with 20% of the
continent desert. In the north is the Sahara, the world's largest
desert, east of the world famous "Great Rift Valley." It also has
the world's longest river – the Nile – and the second largest – the
Congo. African lakes are more concentrated in the east African
plateau, in which Lake Victoria is Africa's largest lake and the
world's second largest freshwater lake. Lake Tanganyika is the
second largest deepwater lake.
Africa's climate is characterized by high temperatures and a dry
climate with uneven rainfall distribution north and south from the
equator. The equatorial belt has the world's most precipitation;
however, in the Sahara and Namib deserts the annual rainfall is 10
mm or below and some years have no rain at all. For more than 95% of
the whole area, the annual average temperature is above 20C.
A paradise of wild things
Africa's wild animal resources are rich, large group of people
has more than 100 kinds of nursing practice, more than 2,000 species
of freshwater fish, birds, more than 400. Africa has many nature
reserves and national parks, mainly Tanzania, Ngorongoro
Conservation Area and Serengeti National Park, South Africa's Kruger
National Park, Zambia's Kafue National Park, West Africa, Como?
National Park, Kenya's Amboseli National Park and Tsavo National
Park. These national parks and protected areas have a huge amount of
habitat and many wildlife species.
Great Rift Valley
This has a total length of about 6,400 km, about 1/6 of Earth's
circumference, and extends from southwest Asia, west of the Jordan
Valley, through eastern Africa and to the Indian Ocean. It formed
from the Great Rift Valley fault zone, which is 200 km wide and has
a depth of 1,000 to 2,000 m, making it the world's largest rift
zone. The distribution of the Rift Valley has a series of narrow and
deep valleys and lakes, like a giant natural reservoir.
All Countries in Africa